Making It Real: Teaching Pre-Literate Adult Refugee Students

This book reviews some effective practices for teaching pre-literate adult refugees. It describes techniques and activities that support these practices. It is divided into sections on teaching speaking, listening, reading, and writing skills. Each of the sections on teaching language skills provides examples and descriptions of useful approaches, techniques, and activities. There is a checklist of language competencies that learners who are new to the language need to know, a section on teaching multi-level groups, and information on resources that teachers and service providers can use.

Basic English Teaching Tips

For adult students. Created by Dion Zizak, RT's Education Associate Manager and Language Instructor. 

The Spring Institute

The Spring Institute provides many useful teaching materials for working with literacy level students and resources for working with students who have experienced trauma.


The US Citizenship and Immigration Services (formerly the INS) website has information about taking the citizenship exam, test questions, and online application and change of address forms.

Citizenship Preparation Resources for RT Tutors

PIE (Parent Involvement in Education) Reader

This reader is a life-skills course designed to teach both language and sociocultural skills needed by adult newcomers to help their children succeed in school.

Unit 1: Filling Out School Forms

Unit 2: Parent-Teacher Meetings

ERIC--Trauma and Adult Learning

This resource discusses individual responses to trauma, its effects on learning, and ways in which educators can respond. Published by Educational Resources Information Center.

Tip Sheets:

Refugee Transitions offers the following Tip Sheets to help you in your work with your student:

Computer Literacy Resources:

Here are several documents provided by the California Community College Chancellor's Office: Santa Ana College, School of Continuing Education. They contain helpful ideas and lesson plans for teaching various aspects of computer literacy. (Files are large, so download may take a minute).

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AuthorAndrew Bogrand